Animals are essential to our understanding of disease progression and biological mechanisms as well as drug safety and efficacy. Before any drug or therapy is brought to market, there are regulations requiring testing in animal models to identify any health or safety risks as well as effectiveness. When animal models are required, the research is highly regulated to ensure responsible, ethical and humane treatment.
Facts about animal research
- Human and animal anatomy is comparable, with our organ systems performing in very similar ways.
- Humans share approximately 99% of our DNA with mice, making them particularly effective models.
- Approximately 95% of all animals involved in research are mice, rats and fish.
- Veterinary research also benefits from animal research, providing medicines for companion and farm animals.