2021 Nobel Prizes Announced
The 2021 Nobel Prizes in Chemistry and Medicine each honored researchers who have advanced fields important to drug discovery.
In chemistry, Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan were honored for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis - which the committee called "an ingenious tool for building molecules." Each scientist independently discovered the new kind of catalyst over 20 years ago, which proved useful in developing new drugs. The asymmetric organocatalysis process allows researchers to build on small molecules - a crucial step for many drugs. The process is cheap and environmentally friendly.
In physiology and medicine, David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian won for their research that discovered the skin receptors responsible for sensing temperature and touch. Their work is already being used to develop potential new drugs, especially for issues like chronic pain.
For more information and a complete list of winners, visit NobelPrize.org.