Imaging ADHD, Alcohol & Cancer (Abstract Science: Nov. 6 – 10)
A new study sheds light on ADHD, genetically modified skin saves a young child and is alcohol use linked to cancer?
(American Society of Clinical Oncology, 11/7/2017, Kate Crawford)
It’s almost that time of year again. Holiday parties. Glasses of wine and scotch everywhere. You might want to think twice before picking up that glass of egg nog. In a recent statement released by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), 5-6% of new cancers and cancer deaths globally are directly attributable to alcohol. This is particularly concerning since 70% of Americans do not recognize drinking alcohol as a risk factor for cancer, according to the National Cancer Opinion Survey, conducted by ASCO earlier this year.
(Neuroscience News, 11/7/2017)
Researchers have found that patients with different types of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have impairments in unique brain systems, indicating that there may not be a one-size-fits-all explanation for the cause of the disorder. Based on performance on behavioral tests, adolescents with ADHD fit into one of three subgroups, where each group demonstrated distinct impairments in the brain with no common abnormalities between them. The study, published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, has the potential to radically reframe how researchers think about and treat ADHD.
(Washington Post, 11/8/2017, Ariana Eunjung Cha)
Scientists reported Wednesday that they genetically modified stem cells to grow skin that they successfully grafted over nearly all of a child's body — a remarkable achievement that could revolutionize treatment of burn victims and people with skin diseases. The research, published in the journal Nature, involved a 7-year-old boy who suffers from a genetic disease known as junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) that makes skin so fragile that minor friction such as rubbing causes the skin to blister or come apart.
—Compiled by Social Media Specialist Jillian Scola